It is widely known that the country of Australia was inhabited by Aboriginal people far away before the British colonization in the late 18th century.A cultural reference article on National Geographic even stated that Aboriginal Australians could be the oldest population of humans living outside of Africa – who migrated to the island by boat around 70,000 years ago. Beside them, there’s also Torres Strait Islander people that are counted as the first people of Australia. The long presence of both groups, surely, have created a kind of legacy for the land – one of which is their cultural heritage.
Those cultural sites that are human-made and natural-creation existed since both indigenous groups lived could be seen from few places around Australia. Should you have a chance to visit this country, do not miss to go to the root of Australia portrayed in these places:
- Kakadu National Park
Located in Northern Territory, this park is listed as UNESCO’s World Heritage for its cultural and natural outstanding universal values. According to Cultural Trip, Kakadu National Park is also a home to Aboriginal people for more than 50,000 years and holds a proof of their settlement through the arts on the rocks there.
Known as Ubirr, Burrungkuy, and Nanguluwur, these artworks document ancient human interaction with the environment, ancestors’ creation – including Namarrgon, the Lighting Man, as well as ancestral spirits, animals and early life contact between the Aboriginal people and Europeans. These artworks are believed to age up to 20,000 years old.
- Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park
Uluru is another UNESCO’s World Heritage Site located about 1800 km to the south from Kakadu National Park. Its unique geological and cultural significance was known as the Anangu by local indigenous Australians. Uluru itself is a rock formation estimated to form back to 1,750 million years old ago. Mala Walk, Kuniya Walk, and Mutijulu Waterhole are the other sites you could find near this place. For the people there, Uluru is a highly spiritual place and it is forbidden to climb the rock. Hence, travellers can only observe it from a far.
- Melbourne, Victoria
The city of Melbourne holds a rich collection of Aboriginal culture. The reason is because Victoria was the home for Kulin people – a nation for Aboriginal Australian people dating back more than 40,000 years ago. One of the places that stores the history of this indigenous culture is Bunjilaka Aboriginal Cultural Centre.
This museum is a collaboration project between the Boonwurrung and Woiwurrung people – Kulin nation groups – that exhibits the life of Kulinpeople in the past through artefacts and arts. In this place, too, you could buy Australian boomerang and other man-made gifts as a souvenir from your trip to the root of Australia. Historical journey is a kind of voyage that holds so many things and offers you a lot in return. You could learn one little group or even a whole country from this trip. Hence, trying to do it once in your lifetime is not a sin. Hope this article helps you find your way to the ancient Australia!